TYPES OF SENTENCES

It is imperative to know the fundamental rules of English grammar before you proceed to write anything. Fluffy words and jargons do not make your content look great. Your content would look great for the reader only if you follow the grammar rules correctly. We all write long sentences when we sit to write anything, don’t we? However, do we know about the different types of sentences and when they should be used? The following article is an attempt to throw some light on this topic and help people understand more about the concept of sentences.

There are four types of sentences in the English language. They are:

  • Declarative
  • Imperative
  • Interrogative
  • Exclamatory

All the sentences that we write fall into one of these four buckets. Let’s understand a little more on each of these types below:

  1. Declarative Sentences

These are the most common type of sentences. As the name indicates, these are sentences that make a plain declaration or tell an opinion about something or someone. See some of the examples below:

  • I am going to school today.
  • Your dress is beautiful.
  • I forgot to bring my umbrella.

In all these three sentences, the person is only declaring a plain remark about something. Hence, these are declarative sentences.

  1. Imperative Sentences

When a sentence denotes an order or instruction or a request, it is known as an imperative sentence. Irrespective of the level of harshness or politeness in the order/request, it falls under this category. Some examples are given below:

  • Please close the door after you leave.
  • Get out of my room right now.
  • Don’t talk to strangers.

All of these examples are in the form of an order or a request to another person. Hence, these are imperative sentences.

  1. Interrogative Sentences

This is one of the easiest types of sentences that you can identify. We all know what interrogation means, don’t we? Interrogation means questioning. Therefore, any sentence with a question mark at the end becomes an interrogative sentence. See some examples below:

  • Why did you come late from school today?
  • Why didn’t you come to the office yesterday?
  • Is the backup plan ready in case of an emergency?

As we can understand, all these three sentences are questions that are directed at somebody. Since they interrogate another person about something, these are interrogative sentences.

  1. Exclamatory Sentences

Any sentence that ends with an exclamation mark is categorized as an exclamatory sentence. These sentences portray different emotions like shock, surprise, anger, etc. Look at these examples:

  • Wow, that’s a big car!
  • I came first in my exams!
  • You broke my trust!

All of these sentences portray different kinds of emotions. Surprise, happiness, betrayal and more! The exclamatory mark at the end stresses on these emotions, thus making these exclamatory sentences.

What should you know while writing different types of sentences?

Now that you have understood about the different types of sentences, you should be aware of the punctuation marks that you have to use at the end of them.

  • A declarative sentence is one that makes a simple remark or statement. Therefore, it should always end with a period. An imperative sentence denotes an order or instruction or request. You can use two types of punctuation marks here – period and exclamation mark.

Look at this example – “Get out of my room right now.” This can also be written as “Get out of my room right now!” It is an order (with a lot of stress); therefore, it is still an imperative sentence. An exclamation mark at the end doesn’t make it an exclamatory sentence.

  • An interrogative sentence should always end with a question mark, and an exclamatory sentence should always end with an exclamatory mark.

These are some of the basic rules regarding types of sentences in English grammar.

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